First Sea Lord

First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff

The First Sea Lord is the professional head of the Royal Navy and a member of the Defence Council. He is responsible to Secretary of State for the fighting effectiveness, efficiency and morale of the Naval Service.


a ship is said to be under way, that is, to have way upon her, when she has weighed her anchor, and is exposed to the influence of the tide, current, or wind.

Weather a ship, headland

is to sail to windward of it. The weathergage implies the situation of one ship to windward of another when in action, &c.


is to heave up the anchor of a ship from the ground in order to prepare her for sailing.

Work a ship

is to direct her movements, by adapting the sails to the force and direction of the wind. To work to windward is a synonyme of beat, tack, turn to windward, &c.


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